In defense of supplier fees
There’s a perennial discussion about supplier fees for electronic invoicing. Should there be no fees to suppliers because all of the business benefit is on the buyer’s side of the equation? Should there be at least a small fee to suppliers that reflects the benefits of eliminating postage costs? Or should the fees be akin to purchasing card fees and be proportionate to the value of the invoice?
While some see it as an ethical debate, it isn’t. It’s a commercial discussion. Everyone’s in it to make money and the debate is no more than an industry squabble. The fact is, most suppliers see supplier fees as a cost of doing business – you don’t get anything for nothing – and as far as suggesting that suppliers will pass the costs back to the buyer, even a junior procurement professional knows how to mitigate that risk and insist on no increase in pricing. What’s really important is the benefits that are delivered in terms of efficiency.
This is one way of looking at it but there is another way and that involves doing the math.
Here’s a typical scenario using round numbers to make it easy. Imagine you are a $1 billion spend business. 80% of your spend is with strategic suppliers. You receive 100,000 invoices each year. Your business case says that you’ll save $50 per invoice if you move to electronic invoices. The scale of the supplier fees are the suppliers problem and you are confident you can ensure no increase in costs are passed on by your strategic suppliers. You’re not sure about the non-strategic suppliers but that only represents 20% of spend. So, you expect an annual saving of $5 million (100,000 invoices x $50 saving).
Let’s just test the logic of this business case. You can guarantee that the costs that your strategic suppliers will incur will not be passed back. But those costs are real and they have to be covered somehow. Those costs can be significant so although they won’t be passed back to you as a strategic customer, they will be passed on to “other customers”. And this is where the problem lies – because to your non-strategic suppliers, you are one of the “other customers”.
If your non-strategic suppliers increase their prices by just 5% to cover the costs they incur from you and their strategic customers, your total spend will increase by 1%. That’s $10 million a year. So it’s hello $5 million, goodbye $10 million. How’s that for a business case?
The thing that’s really wrong with this business case is it’s lazy. Supplier fees should always be factored in. Are they zero? Are they moderate? Or are they enourmous? If you are going to ignore them, why not ignore all the costs? In fact, why not include a blank check as part of your RFP process? Lazy business cases are bad business cases.
If you’re a decision maker in any organization that is looking at implementing electronic invoicing, ensure that supplier fees are factored into the business case.
Pete Loughlin can be found on twitter @peteloughlin